Citigroup still feels the financial pain from credit crisis

CITIGROUP said quarterly earnings fell 12 per cent as it was stung by losses from credit crisis-era assets, but the bank’s results were better than many analysts expected after cost-cutting.

The third largest US bank is still feeling pain from Citi Holdings, a unit set up in 2009 to house assets and businesses it was looking to shed as the 2007-2008 credit crunch forced multiple US government rescues.

Citi Holdings’ losses widened to $920m – £588m – in the second quarter from $661m in the same period a year earlier.

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The results showed how even after Citi has paid back the US government, it is still dealing with bad assets from the credit crunch and struggling to grow.

“This is a continuation of the trend we’ve been seeing at Citi for a while – a slow healing of the balance sheet, but significant persistent challenges in healing profitability,” said Tony Smith, senior director of fixed-income capital markets research at Moody’s Analytics. Shrinking a business is tough, the results showed.

Citigroup is not cutting costs in Citi Holdings as fast as revenues are dropping – operating expenses fell 25 per cent but revenue tumbled 62 per cent.

On a conference call, chief financial officer John Gerspach said Citi Holdings’ costs fell in line with its assets, which were down about 28 per cent from the same quarter last year – reaching $191bn at the end of June 2012.

But the bank performed better than analysts had estimated, helped by cost-cutting elsewhere in the company, most notably in its investment bank – where it cut out $322m of expenses, allowing the investment bank’s net income to rise 18 per cent to $1.275bn.

Citigroup has been laying off staff in its investment bank for three quarters or so, Mr Gerspach said.

There could be more layoffs in coming quarters, although they will not likely be significant, he added.

“These are reductions that are geared towards just making sure we’ve got the capacity right and making sure we’re the most efficient organisation that we can be,” he said.

Overall net income dropped to $2.946bn, or 95 cents per share, from $3.34bn, or $1.09 a share, in the same quarter a year ear- lier.

Overall operating expenses fell 6 per cent to $12.13bn.

The results included a $424m loss from the sale of a 10.1 per cent stake in Akbank TAS of Turkey and a $219m gain from changes in the market value of its own debt and that of certain trading part- ners.

Excluding the debt accounting adjustments and the Turkish bank stake sale, earnings were $1.00 per share while net income was 1 per cent lower than a year earlier.

Analysts, on average, expected earnings of 89 cents per share, excluding special items, according to Thomson Reuters.

Citigroup shares rose 1.1 per cent to $26.93 in mid-morning trading.

Citigroup is the third largest US-based bank by assets.