England will enter its second national lockdown this week as coronavirus cases continue to rise across most regions.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced the stricter measures on 31 October after growing concern that the tiered local lockdown system was not enough to stop the virus spreading.
He said a second lockdown in England was necessary to prevent a “medical and moral disaster” for the NHS and that taking drastic action now will mean families can be together at Christmas.
The restrictions, which come into place this Thursday, will last for four weeks until 2 December when regions will move back into the tiered system.
Just as in the first lockdown, pubs, restaurants, gyms and non-essential shops will be forced to close, although schools, colleges and universities will be kept open this time.
The furlough scheme, which was scheduled to end on Sunday 1 November, has been extended for the duration of the new lockdown to support people whose jobs have been put on pause.
Here’s a full list of the businesses and venues that have been told to close - and who can continue to go into work.
Which businesses will close under England’s lockdown?
The UK Government has ordered certain businesses to close to reduce social contact and mitigate the spread of Covid-19.
This means employees at the following facilities, listed on the government’s website, will not be able to go to work during the lockdown period:
Shops closing includes clothing and electronics stores, vehicle showrooms, travel agents, betting shops, auction houses, tailors, car washes, tobacco and vape shops.
However, non-essential retail can remain open for click and collect and delivery services.
Restaurants, bars and pubs must close again under the new restrictions. They are still able to provide takeaway services, although alcohol take-away is not permitted.
Indoor and outdoor leisure facilities have been told to close, including gyms, bowling alleys and leisure centres.
Sports facilities, including swimming pools, golf courses and driving ranges, dance studios, stables and riding centres, soft play facilities, climbing walls and centres, archery and shooting ranges, and water and theme parks, must also close.
All entertainment venues will close. This includes theatres, concert halls, cinemas, museums and galleries, casinos, adult gaming centres and arcades, bingo halls, bowling alleys, concert halls, zoos and other animal attractions, and botanical gardens.
Personal care facilities
Under the lockdown, hair, beauty and nail salons, tattoo parlours, spas, massage parlours, body and skin piercing services, non-medical acupuncture, and tanning salons will all close.
Which businesses will remain open?
Specific businesses that the government has deemed as “essential” will remain open during the national lockdown, including a number of public services.
Food shops Supermarkets Garden centres Retailers providing essential goods and services Hotels, hostels and accommodation - only for those who have to travel for work purposes Childcare and support groups - up to 15 in-person participants NHS and medical services Jobcentre Plus sites Courts Civil Registrations Offices
The government has said these facilities which are staying open must follow Covid-secure guidelines to protect customers and workers.
Can I still go to work?
In similarity to the national lockdown in the spring, the government has instructed everyone who can work effectively from home to do so.
The only people who should be going into work are public sector employees who work in “essential” services, including in education settings.
Where people are unable to work from home - for example, employees in construction and manufacturing - the government has said they should continue to travel to their workplaces.