A FEW weeks ago Juergen Maier came to Sheffield to open the Mindsphere Lounge: not some futuristic backdrop to a scene starring Ryan Gosling and Harrison Ford, but a cutting-edge, cloud-based operating system that allows manufacturers to harness big data from billions of intelligent devices and to unlock transformational insights across their businesses.
Maier, who chaired the independent Industrial Digitalisation Review Made Smarter, is no stranger to Sheffield and Rotherham. As the chief executive of Siemens UK, he is a familiar face at the University of Sheffield, and especially among the aspiring young engineers in the Diamond Building where the new Mindsphere Lounge is located.
During the opening of the new facility, Maier told his audience that Sheffield – think Bessemer, Stainless Steel and Siemens own Open Hearth process – had been home to the first and second Industrial Revolutions, and now it had the opportunity to lead the fourth.
By that he meant a digital revolution: a revolution founded on technologies such as virtual reality and augmented reality; on robots and cobots; on Artificial Intelligence, machine learning and blockchain; on harnessing data and using it to better organise and manage assets and processes; and on the Internet of Things.
He said the same thing privately when he came up to the AMRC’s digital exemplar, Factory 2050, later that day. There he spoke to the collaborative research teams running a number of projects in which Siemens’ technology is key to making big breakthroughs in the manufacture of aerospace components.
As he moved from project cell to cell, his eyes would light up at each new application and innovation. At one point he remarked: “We’re here aren’t we? We are doing this.” What he meant was that the AMRC – and other members of the High Value Manufacturing Catapult – are blazing the trail for digital manufacturing.
As someone who has helped on his report, I know he cares deeply and passionately about the fate of UK manufacturing. It is a sentiment shared by everyone at the AMRC, an organisation established more than a decade ago by a handful of visionary academics and industrialists, with a mission to transform the productivity of manufacturing in the UK by harnessing the power of research to the needs of industry. His report is a clarion call to politicians, industrialists and academics: get this right and we can rebalance our economy; bridge the divide between the North and the South; create new sources of wealth that are more fairly shared among those who have helped make it and inspire a new generation of engineers with the prospect of highly skilled, high-value jobs.
But this prize is not in Juergen’s gift. Nor is it in the gift of the Government – although all eyes will be on the Chancellor to see how deep he digs into his pocket when he responds to the review’s requests for funding in his Budget.
As an entrepreneur and a manufacturer, Juergen knows that the success of the Fourth Industrial Revolution will require inspired leadership. It will also require a willingness to adopt technologies that can seem more like science fiction; and a passion for transforming innovative ideas into technologies to drive big gains productivity. These are big challenges. The measures he proposes, from a Made Smarter UK Commission and the creation of a more visible and connected digital ecosystem, through to building on the existing innovation landscape to create a network of digital hubs, centres and demonstrators, go some way to meeting these challenges.
But there is much we can do – and are doing – ourselves. Here in Sheffield, we have an emerging Advanced Manufacturing Innovation District, with the AMRC as its most magnetic institution. Rolls-Royce, McLaren, and Boeing are just three of the global brands who are investing in production in this nascent innovation district.
Smaller, dynamic innovators, like Performance Engineered Solutions and Iceotope have also set up shop in the region, keen to be close to the capabilities and experience of the AMRC.
But our success in delivering often undreamt-of productivity gains for our partners, and in de-risking new digital technologies and processes to accelerate their implementation on the factory floor, comes with a price tag.
We need new buildings, new talent and new spaces to meet the growing demand for support in adopting the digital technologies that will be the engine of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
This has always been a dilemma for us. Ever since Prince Andrew opened our first building in 2004, the demand for our skills has put pressure on us to expand. What started out as tightly knit group of a few people is now a global institution with partners from around the world who work with us on game-changing projects in Sheffield and Rotherham. We also have satellite centres in Asia, the Middle East and North America.
Perhaps this is where political leadership comes in. If Juergen’s prognosis is correct – he says that failure to adopt these technologies will lead to long-term industrial decline – then his review requires a coherent response from policy-makers at national and regional level.
Rab Scott is Head of Digital at the Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre in South Yorkshire.