The majority were inspected in 2018 or 2017 by the Food Standards Agency in partnership with Leeds City Council.
A zero-star rating on the 0-5 scale means urgent improvements are required.
It's not a legal requirement for a restaurant, takeaway, cafe or food store to display their rating sticker to customers - although it is in Wales and Northern Ireland.
Each business is given their hygiene rating when it is inspected by a food safety officer from the business’s local authority. The inspection criteria include:
- How hygienically the food is handled
- How it is prepared, cooked, re-heated, cooled and stored
- The condition of the structure of the buildings - the cleanliness, layout, lighting, ventilation and other facilities
- How the business manages and records what it does to make sure food is safe
Businesses that pose a higher risk are inspected more often than businesses that pose a lower risk, for example a small retailer selling a range of prepacked foods that only need to be refrigerated.
The time between inspections varies from six months for the highest risk businesses to two years for lower risk businesses.
For some very low risk businesses, the interval between inspections may be longer than two years, however there may be some exceptions to this.
Businesses which are given low ratings must make urgent or major improvements to hygiene standards.
The local authority food safety officer has several enforcement options available as well as giving advice and guidance to make sure these improvements are made.
The food safety officer will also tell the business how quickly these improvements must be made and this will depend on the type of issue that needs to be addressed.
If the officer finds that a business’s hygiene standards are very poor and there is an imminent risk to public health, when food may be unsafe to eat, the officer must act to ensure consumers are protected.
This could result in stopping part of the business or closing it down completely until it is safe to recommence.
The information published below is from the Food Standards Agency website as of July 30, 2018.
For more information visit the Food Standards Agency website ratings.food.gov.uk
The Leeds businesses with zero-star food hygiene ratings