Floodwaters have triggered more than 2,000 landslides across much of the Balkans, laying waste to entire towns and villages and disturbing land mines left over from the region’s 1990s war.
The Balkans’ worst flooding since record-keeping began forced tens of thousands of people from their homes and threatened to inundate Serbia’s main power plant, which supplies electricity to a third of the country and most of the capital, Belgrade.
Authorities organised a frenzied helicopter airlift to get terrified families to safety before the water swallowed up their homes. Many were plucked from rooftops.
Floodwaters receded in some locations, laying bare the full scale of the damage. Elsewhere, authorities warned that the water would keep rising.
“The situation is catastrophic,” said Bosnia’s refugee minister, Adil Osmanovic.
Three months’ worth of rain fell on the region in three days, producing the worst floods since rainfall measurements began 120 years ago.
At least two dozen people have died, with more casualties expected.
The rain caused an estimated 2,100 landslides that covered roads, homes and whole villages throughout hilly Bosnia.
The cities of Orasje and Brcko in the north-east, where the Sava River forms the natural border with Croatia, were in danger of being overwhelmed. Officials in Brcko ordered six villages to be evacuated.
Rescuers urged people to go to the balconies or rooftops of their houses with bright fabric to make themselves visible.
Brcko mayor Anto Domic said that unless the Bosnian army is able to reinforce from the air, the city will be flooded completely. He called for the Defence Ministry to use helicopters to lower steel barriers that could be backed by sandbags to contain the water. “It is a very demanding task,” he said, acknowledging that officials would have no other way to protect the port city of more than 70,000.
In flood-ravaged Serbia, authorities were braced for high water that could last for several more days.