The 27-year-old seam bowler will be out for six to eight weeks after flying to the United States to undergo surgery on a troublesome elbow injury.
The England and Wales Cricket Board, along with Test captain Alastair Cook and Bresnan, decided that now was the best time to get the niggling injury dealt with ahead of a summer that includes an Ashes series with Australia.
The timescale for the rehabilitation means that although he misses the current tour to New Zealand, he should be back for the series with the Black Caps on home soil from May 16. Should he require more time, the ICC Champions Trophy gets under way on June 6 with the Ashes commencing on July 10.
Bresnan has been troubled by his right elbow for some time and first had it operated on in late 2011. He struggled for form in 2012, finishing the year with two wicketless Tests in India following a lean series against South Africa.
An ECB statement read: “England and Yorkshire bowler Tim Bresnan has undergone an uncomplicated operation on his right elbow to remove extra bone and scar tissue.
“Bresnan will now commence a six to eight week rehabilitation and back to bowling programme before returning to competitive cricket early in the summer.”
Yorkshire have allowed seam bowler Oliver Hannon-Dalby to join county champions Warwickshire from March 1.
The 23-year-old Halifax-born seamer made 24 first-class appearances for Yorkshire, with whom he signed a professional contract in 2008.
He took 43 wickets at 45.06, with two five-wicket hauls, but has spent time training with Warwickshire this close season.
Yorkshire’s director of cricket Martyn Moxon said: “As opportunities for Oliver to play first XI cricket at Yorkshire this season are likely to be limited, and given the fact that he is entering the final year of his contract, it was agreed that we would allow him to explore potential options elsewhere.
“With that in mind, he has spent the last few weeks training at Warwickshire and although I have some sadness that Oliver is leaving us, I am delighted that he is being given an opportunity to further his career.
“He has been a pleasure to work with and I would like to thank him for his contribution to the club. I wish him every success in the future.”