The Keighley-born 15-year-old could only finish fourth after failing to equal her clean and jerk personal best of 123kg.
She did manage 118kg as well as a 91kg lift in the snatch to post a combined tally of 209kg.
Cameroon’s Marie Fegue climbed to the top of the podium after matching Canada’s Jean Lassen’s 34-year-old Games record of 132kg in the clean and jerk to finish with a combined 234kg.
Nigerian Itohan Ebireguesele (222kg) took silver and Canadian Marie-Josee Ares-Pilon (214kg) the bronze.
Tiler insists she will only get stronger for her Glasgow 2014 experience.
The teenager said: “It was so close on the clean and jerk.
“I just couldn’t get the bar to stay up. But I will come back stronger for this. I nearly had it and I was screaming in my head ‘yes, I’ve got it’.
“But all of a sudden my back went. I was trying to hang on but then I had to drop the bar.
“I just missed out on a medal by 5kg but I believe I can come back and win medals in the future.
“My dream is to be world and Olympic champion and I believe I can do that. I just need to keep working hard. I’m already preparing for Rio in two years. I just need to stay focused. Right now I feel stronger every day.
“There was a lot of pressure on me to get a medal but it didn’t bother me. I believed I could do it. I’m disappointed but I’m only 15, I’ve got plenty of time.”