Nearly 4,500 children were educated at home in the 2016/2017 academic year, raising fears from Ofsted that some vulnerable children may be slipping through the net.
It represents a 101 per cent rise since 2012, when just 2,225 pupils were classified as home taught.
The figures are based on data provided by 15 local education authorities across Yorkshire, with reasons behind the trend listed as including personal choice, dissatisfaction of the school system, bullying and increasingly mental health worries and a need to support mental well-being. A lack of school places is also listed in some parts of the county, as well as not being offered the preferred school.
Anil Sarna, founder of Hebden Bridge School, which offers support to home-schooled children, said: “We have a one-day school experience and also offer modules, where students can pick and choose what they want to study.
“We are very flexible and this appeals to home-educated pupils who don’t want to be at school five-days-a-week, but they want to have learning experiences with other children in a more structured way.
“Our home-educated children all love learning. They are really engaged with everything we do.
“Our experience has been extremely positive.”
In some areas, including Calderdale and Barnsley, the number of home-taught pupils has more than tripled.
The region’s highest number of home-schooled children is in Bradford, with the city recording 666 pupils as being educated at home in 2016/17 compared to 269 in 2012/2013.
In its response to the data request, Bradford Council wrote: “In England, education is compulsory, but school is not. Any parent can home-educate their child at any stage during the child’s compulsory schooling.”
Nationally it is estimated that 45,500 children and young people were being educated at home on school census day, October 5, 2017. This is roughly equivalent to the population of 49 average-sized secondary schools.
Ofsted’s national director for social care, Eleanor Schooling, warned last week that vulnerable children in society can become invisible to professionals and agencies under the guise of elective home education.
Cathy Kirby, Ofsted director for the region, told The Yorkshire Post: “The Government sets the policy on home education. Ofsted respects the rights of parents to educate their children at home. And for most children and families, home education is a positive option. But we know that for some children, being educated at home can add to their vulnerability. Ofsted recognises that the challenge for local authorities in meeting their safeguarding responsibilities to these children.
“We also know that there are links for some children between home education and unregistered schools.”