Double life of Bradford teacher who was a wartime spy

His old boys remembered him less for his war record than for his ramshackle house in a once-fashionable part of Bradford, or his habit of leaning back on his chair almost until it tipped over. Their French master’s double life in occupied France had remained until now a closed book.

Lindsey Davis, development director at Bradford Grammar School reads the new
book dedicated to Old Bradfordian Harry Rée
Lindsey Davis, development director at Bradford Grammar School reads the new book dedicated to Old Bradfordian Harry Rée

Harry Rée never betrayed the secrets of Churchill’s “underground army” of which he was, according to its official historian, one of its six best men. He said only that it had been a “glorious summer holiday”’ in which he had cycled around the continent and enjoyed the hospitality of the locals.

In fact, as his son eventually discovered, he had been part of the Army’s Special Operations Executive, a clandestine unit that waged a guerrilla war behind enemy lines.

Yet when his time supervising the blowing up of trains, bridges and factories was over, he returned to his other life in the classroom. And today, he is remembered at the exclusive Bradford Grammar School not as a war hero but as an inspirational educator.

Harry Rée , a Yorkshire schoolmaster who led a double life in Churchill’s ‘secret army’.

The jigsaw of his life has been pieced together by his son, Jonathan Rée, a historian and philosopher born two years after Harry settled in Bradford.

“He was a schoolmaster all the way through. He said the war was a separate scene in his life that didn’t connect to anything before or after it,” he said.

His new book, A Schoolmaster’s War, reveals that despite having signed the Peace Pledge, his father had been parachuted into France in April 1943, after being trained in sabotage, silent killing and in passing himself off as a native. He devised a system for smuggling messages to London, advised on sabotage techniques and directed French Resistance operations against railways, canals, power stations and factories. He reportedly organised the destruction of a Peugeot factory and arranged the dropping of armaments and explosives by the RAF.

“Harry may have started off as a pacifist, but he ended the war as a secret agent,” said his son, who began researching the book after an approach from a French soldier investigating the history of the resistance movement.

Yet upon his appointment to Bradford Grammar after the war, Mr Rée fell back into normality with remarkable ease.

“It would not have been uncommon for a teacher to have served in the war at this time, but perhaps what was extraordinary was the extent of his work in France,” said the school’s development director, Lindsey Davis, who has collected reminiscences from alumni.

Aware that he had been part of the French resistance but knowing few details, they speak of him as a “reticent” man whose “dress or values seemed at odds with the rather traditional staff attitudes we had got used to”.

One former pupil remembered his “large, rather dilapidated stone built semi-detached house” on Bradford’s Toller Lane.

Another, recalling the almost prone position from which he taught, with his feet on his desk, said: “He readily disclosed his age – he was much younger that all the others who had weathered the war – and he was the first to treat us like contemporaries.”

The son of a chemist, Mr Rée was later the first professor of education at York University and a long-distance hiker who wrote a guidebook to Yorkshire’s Three Peaks.

His political beliefs turned him against fighting, said his son, “but he felt that if he went back to being a schoolmaster having copped out of the war, his pupils would disrespect him”.

He added: “He was extraordinarily courageous but people expected him to tell stories of derring-do. The reality was more tragic.”

Mr Rée died in 1991, aged 76.

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