Turning down the volume on aviation noise as flights take off again and Leeds Bradford Airport plans expansion: Rob Light

THE unexpected nature of a global pandemic means that we don’t know exactly when planes will return to the sky in greater numbers, and what a recovery of the aviation industry might look like.

What will be the future of aviation after the Covid pandemic?
What will be the future of aviation after the Covid pandemic?

One thing we can be certain of is that, when we do start flying again, noise will increase. The longer recovery takes, the more disruptive this noise will be to some communities who, for the best part of a year, have lived under the quietest skies they have ever known.

When noise returns, the more noticeable it may be, perhaps even more so than before.

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Some might question why we should focus on noise while airports and airlines are battling to survive and while the majority of planes are grounded.

Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick is due to decide the fate of the proposed new terminal at Leeds Bradford Airport.

The Covid-19 pandemic has had a devastating impact on the aviation industry, posing new long-term challenges which cannot be ignored.

But I believe now is exactly the right time to be thinking about how to manage noise better, alongside other environmental concerns associated with aviation.

Right now, a number of proposals to expand airports, like Leeds Bradford, are being considered. Inevitably, over time these would increase the number of aircraft movements, which in turn makes the amount of noise being produced, and people impacted by it, even more critical.

At the same time, government funding was recently announced to help take forward the biggest change to how airspace is designed and operated in the UK for over half a century. If done well, this could bring benefits in terms of emissions and noise, but only if communities are properly consulted and listened to.

Leeds Bradford Airport's proposed redevelopment remains the subject of much debate.

So, the aviation industry is turning its attention to the future in a post-pandemic world, and so should we. The pandemic provides us with an unprecedented opportunity to step back and consider how to improve and build upon the previous ways of working with a view to keeping what works well and improving what doesn’t.

Last month, the Independent Commission on Civil Aviation Noise (ICCAN) published a route map for the future of aviation noise management, in which we set out recommendations to the Government on how improvements could be made that would support a sustainable recovery for the aviation industry.

We know that the future will be very different. Since the pandemic began, we have seen many airlines retiring some of their noisier aircraft such as B747s and A380s, as they rightly recognise the model for aviation travel will be different in the future.

There is a widespread acceptance now that more sustainable flying is the only way forward. The pathway to carbon neutrality must be real and achievable, but this must sit alongside the improved management of the noise impacts that result.

We want change to support the industry and create a more positive environment where people better understand the impacts of aviation noise and have a say in decisions that might impact their lives.

An effective framework for noise management at a national level is key, not only for delivering the recovery and sustainable growth of the aviation industry, but also for addressing the impacts of aviation noise on people’s health, wellbeing and quality of life.

Prior to the pandemic, more than one million people in the UK were affected by aviation noise, and while this number might be lower now, it won’t stay like this as people start to fly again.

So, it is vital that those impacted have a clear understanding of how and why noise is occurring, that they know where responsibility lies and what they can do to seek improvements.

People need to have confidence in how decisions are made by local authorities on issues like planning applications, the way their complaints are handled and responded, and whether their views will be taken properly into account by industry and regulators.

So, better noise management must be an essential component within the Government’s plans to build back post-Covid.

ICCAN was established to help increase trust, transparency and clarity around aviation noise and while the landscape we are operating in has radically changed, the same issues remain.

It is a complex subject that feels inaccessible for many whose lives are disrupted by it daily.

That’s not to say we haven’t seen good practice up and down the country, but there needs to be greater consistency and transparency so this can be shared more equally.

Now is the time to act, because if we don’t, we will miss a golden opportunity both to improve the lives of people across the UK who are affected, and ensure a brighter and sustainable future for aviation.

Rob Light is head commissioner of the Independent Commission on Civil Aviation and former leader of Kirklees Council.

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