Gaza ceasefire vote: The senior Labour MPs who broke ranks to call for a ceasefire in Gaza
Labour MPs had been ordered to abstain on the SNP move and were told instead to back Sir Keir's position calling for longer "humanitarian pauses" rather than a ceasefire.
Here is a closer look at those who rebelled.
Prominent frontbencher Phillips has been the MP for Birmingham Yardley since 2015 and served as the Shadow Minister for Domestic Violence and Safeguarding under Keir Starmer until Wednesday.
Ms Phillips, who is a member of the group Labour Friends of Israel, said it was with a "heavy heart" that she quit the Labour frontbench because of the party's stance on Gaza.
"I can see no route where the current military action does anything but put at risk the hope of peace and security for anyone in the region now and in the future," she wrote in her resignation letter.
The frontbencher, who has long been a strong supporter of Palestine, was forced to quit as John McDonnell's parliamentary private secretary in August 2016 over antisemitic Facebook posts.
The MP for Bradford West, who had been serving as the shadow minister for crime reduction until Wednesday, said her "email inbox is full of messages" from constituents who demand a ceasefire.
The former shadow minister for exports was born in Pakistan and came to the UK aged 11.
The MP for Manchester Gorton became the city's first Muslim MP upon his election in 2017, and has also served on the Muslim Council of Britain.
The MP for Luton North since 2019 was the shadow minister for local government and faith until her resignation.
On stepping down, Ms Owen said calls for a ceasefire are "reflected by the overwhelming majority of the British public".
MP for Liverpool Wavertree since 2019, Ms Baker was shadow minister for devolution and the English regions until Wednesday.
Mr Slaughter has served as the MP for Hammersmith since 2005.
He is secretary of the Britain-Palestine All-Party Parliamentary Group and vice-chair of Labour Friends of Palestine and the Middle East.
The MP for Bolton South East since 2010 is a qualified barrister, and moved to the UK as a child from Pakistan.
MP for Luton South since 2019, Hopkins was the shadow minister for the Cabinet Office from 2021 to 2023.
Mr Carden has been the Member of Parliament for Liverpool Walton since 2017, and was one of eight LGBT MPs newly elected.
Ms Foy has served as the MP for the City of Durham since the 2019 general election.
The division list showed 56 Labour MPs backed the SNP’s call for an immediate ceasefire.
They were listed as: Tahir Ali (Birmingham, Hall Green), Rosena Allin-Khan (Tooting), Paula Barker (Liverpool, Wavertree), Apsana Begum (Poplar and Limehouse), Clive Betts (Sheffield South East), Paul Blomfield (Sheffield Central), Karen Buck (Westminster North), Richard Burgon (Leeds East), Dawn Butler (Brent Central), Ian Byrne (Liverpool, West Derby), Liam Byrne (Birmingham, Hodge Hill), Dan Carden (Liverpool, Walton), Sarah Champion (Rotherham), Stella Creasy (Walthamstow), Jon Cruddas (Dagenham and Rainham), Judith Cummins (Bradford South), Marsha De Cordova (Battersea), Peter Dowd (Bootle), Julie Elliott (Sunderland Central), Mary Kelly Foy (City of Durham), Barry Gardiner (Brent North), Margaret Greenwood (Wirral West), Fabian Hamilton (Leeds North East), Kate Hollern (Blackburn), Rachel Hopkins (Luton South), Rupa Huq (Ealing Central and Acton), Imran Hussain (Bradford East), Afzal Khan (Manchester, Gorton), Ian Lavery (Wansbeck), Emma Lewell-Buck (South Shields), Clive Lewis (Norwich South), Rebecca Long Bailey (Salford and Eccles), Khalid Mahmood (Birmingham, Perry Barr), Rachael Maskell (York Central), John McDonnell (Hayes and Harlington), Ian Mearns (Gateshead), Grahame Morris (Easington), Kate Osamor (Edmonton), Kate Osborne (Jarrow), Sarah Owen (Luton North), Jess Phillips (Birmingham, Yardley), Yasmin Qureshi (Bolton South East), Bell Ribeiro-Addy (Streatham), Lloyd Russell-Moyle (Brighton, Kemptown), Naz Shah (Bradford West), Andy Slaughter (Hammersmith), Cat Smith (Lancaster and Fleetwood), Alex Sobel (Leeds North West), Zarah Sultana (Coventry South), Sam Tarry (Ilford South), Stephen Timms (East Ham), Jon Trickett (Hemsworth), Valerie Vaz (Walsall South), Nadia Whittome (Nottingham East), Beth Winter (Cynon Valley), Mohammad Yasin (Bedford).