How many days cricket do England's overworked players play? Is the international game unsustainable?

Ben Stokes’ one-day international retirement has brought heightened scrutiny on a fixture programme which has been termed “unsustainable” by the England Test captain.

Here, we assess England’s workloads as Stokes prepares to bring the curtain down on an ODI career in which he memorably inspired his side to victory in the 2019 World Cup final.

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How does England’s workload compare to other nations?

Consider this: Joe Root made his international debut two years after Kane Williamson but has already played more Tests (121 to 88) and ODIs (156 to 151) than the New Zealand captain. Since the start of 2017, England have had 498 scheduled days of cricket, which puts them ahead of India in second place on 472. Australia are languishing more than 100 days behind England on 387. That is a seismic difference.

What is different this year to other years?

A knock-on consequence of the Covid-19 pandemic has led to a backlog of fixtures. A three-match ODI series in the Netherlands was originally pencilled in for 2020 but had to be shoehorned in between the second and third Tests against New Zealand last month. India also had to play their rescheduled Test this month to satisfy demand after last year baulking at playing the final match due to Covid concerns.

So how much cricket are England actually playing?

BUSY SCHEDULE: For England's cricketers. Picture: PA Wire.

This month alone, England are in action on 17 days. That is without factoring in training or travel. White-ball coach Matthew Mott described Jos Buttler’s introduction to the captaincy as a “baptism of fire” amid a programme of 12 fixtures in 25 days this month against India and South Africa. From June 2 to July 3, their schedule reads four Tests, nine ODIs and six T20s. That is excessive.

Is any change on the horizon?

The advent of Twenty20 and the format’s subsequent rise has lengthened bilateral series in recent times while the proliferation of global tournaments and franchise leagues is close to saturating the market. Cricket chiefs might seem well intentioned but may be guided by the vast sums on offer from broadcasters, which demand more not fewer matches. The International Cricket Council is due to announce its next future tours programme and the signs point to another heavy load for England’s cricketers.

So what can be done?

BEN STOKES: Has retired from One Day cricket. Picture: PA Wire.

Stokes’ decision might just be the first domino in a chain reaction although there is little evidence to suggest this is the case. If the cream of the crop do start walking away from certain formats to extend their careers, will this convince the International Cricket Council, members boards and broadcasters into rethinking their calendars? England are scheduled to visit Pakistan twice, plus Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Bangladesh this winter. Something has to give.