Jackson made his Terriers debut in the League Cup against Rochdale in September and followed it with a first Championship start against Norwich City seven days later, but he has only added to it once since, with an FA Cup appearance from the bench against Plymouth Argyle.
This is the fourth loan spell of the 19-year-old's career.
Jackson, who can also play as a left winger, has joined a relegation battle with the Trotters 17th in the fourth tier with 27 points from 22 games.
“This is the perfect next step for Jacko and a great opportunity for him, “ said academy manager, Emyr Humphreys.
“He has progressed really well over the last couple of years and did really well to make his first-team debut this season.
“He has already had good exposure to senior first-team football at Darlington and Stockport, but this will be an even bigger test for him trying to break into a League Two side and hold down a starting shirt.”
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