Yvette Cooper, Rachel Reeves, Hilary Benn and Clive Betts will continue to chair the cross-party committees of MPs which check and report on areas ranging from the work of government departments to economic affairs.
Mrs Cooper, Labour MP for Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford, has been re-elected to the Home Affairs Select Committee.
She tweeted: "Very pleased to be re-elected unopposed to @CommonsHomeAffs chair and grateful to MPs from all parties for their support. Lots to do. Looking forward to the new committee being in place."
Leeds West MP Rachel Reeves was also re-elected to be chair of the Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Select Committee.
She wrote: "In the last Parliament, we were a strong Committee that worked well across party divides.
"Britain has a world-class, thriving private sector that needs championing and supporting with great policy. But when things go wrong I waste no time in holding those responsible to account, whether fault lies in government or business."
Leeds Central MP Hilary Benn will continue in his role as chair of the Brexit Committee. He tweeted: "Thank you to all my colleagues for re-electing me unopposed as Chair of @CommonsEUexit
"I am looking forward to the Committee scrutinising the very important negotiations that are about to begin on our future relationship with the EU. "
Long-serving chair of the Housing, Community and Local Government committee, Clive Betts has been re-elected unopposed.The Sheffield South East
MP said on his re-election: “I am delighted to be re-elected as Chair.
“I look forward to working with colleagues across the House, holding the government to account via evidence-based scrutiny of vital areas including housing, local government and social care.”
Most select committee chairs are elected by the whole Commons in a secret ballot held after each general election and at other times when a vacancy arises.
The chairs of all the departmental select committees, as well as the chairs of the Environmental Audit, Exiting the European Union, Petitions, Public Administration and Constitutional Affairs, Public Accounts, Procedure, and Standards Committees, are elected in this way.
Once elected, chairs remain in post until the end of the Parliament if they choose to. The only exception is the chair of the Backbench Business Committee, who is elected at the beginning of each session.