Take fewer – or no – flights:Airtravelcontributes almost a quarter of the average person’s annual emissions. Take a train if possible.
Eat less meat, particularly beef and lamb: Cows and sheep emit large quantities of methane, a powerful global warming gas. A vegan diet can cut emissions from food by up to a fifth.
Improve the efficiency of heating your home: Modern boilers, good draught-proofing and insulation will cut energy use – and bills.
Leave the car and walk: Reducing journeys from 15,000 to 10,000 miles a year will save more than a tonne of carbon dioxide – about 15 per cent of the average person’s emissions. Switching to an electric vehicle will also cut energy use and reduce fossil fuel consumption.
Repair and re-use: Keeping tech and domestic appliances in operation longer can reduce the burden on scarce resources and help avoid waste.
Switch to low-energy lighting: LEDs (light-emitting diodes) have become much cheaper and more effective in recent years and run on less power than halogen lights.
Make sure home appliances are energy-efficient: Reducing use of washing machines, tumblers and dishwashers will also cut their climate impact.
Consume less: Simply buying less stuff is a good route to a smaller carbon footprint. The fashion industry is one of the biggest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions.
Buy local: Eating seasonal food and sourcing goods made nearby instead of importing from abroad will save on emissions.
Support eco-conscious companies: This will encourage firms to improve their environmental credentials.
Switch to green power: Look for a supplier that provides renewable or fossil-free energy and install solar panels if possible.